Shoreline Buffer Native Plant Material Recommendations


Below is the supplemental information to Shoreline Buffer, published by the Conservancy July 2013.


These deciduous and evergreen trees and shrubs are representative of plants that will generally do well in moist or wet soil conditions. Most are native to Wisconsin. Some do best in full sun, while others do better in partial to full shade.

Trees and Shrubs

Sunny Areas

Shady Areas

Tall   deciduous trees (40-100’): Red maple**, silver maple**, swamp white oak** Tall   deciduous trees (40-100’): American linden (basswood)**, sugar maple**
Medium   deciduous trees (30-40’): River birch**, whitespire birch Medium deciduous trees (30-40’): ironwood**
Low   deciduous trees (15-30’): speckled alder**, laurel willow, hawthorn** Low   deciduous trees (15-30’): Allegheny serviceberry**, American hornbeam**,pagoda   dogwood**
Evergreen trees: white spruce**, eastern white pine** Evergreen trees: Canadian hemlock**,American   arborvitae**
Tall   deciduous shrubs (8-14’): nannyberry viburnum**, blackhaw viburnum** Tall   deciduous shrubs (8-14’): arrowwood viburnum, cranberry bush   viburnum**, eastern wahoo**, common witch hazel**, eastern ninebark**
Medium deciduous shrubs (5-8’):winterberry** Medium deciduous shrubs (5-8’): American filbert**, red chokeberry, Witherod viburnum**
Low deciduous shrubs (2-5’): alpine currant, Little Princess spirea Low deciduous shrubs (2-5’): black chokeberry**, dwarf European cranberry bush,   maple leaf viburnum**
Evergreen shrubs: creeping juniper**,Oldfield   common juniper** Evergreen shrubs: Woodward globe arborvitae, spreading Japanese yew

** Wisconsin native



      After a shade pattern is established by trees and shrubs, either ground-covers or the following native Wisconsin plants may be incorporated in the ground layer: hog peanut

green dragon, calico aster, white avens, spotted jewelweed, Virginia bluebells, swamp buttercup, ostrich fern, moonseed, sensitive fern, clearweed, wood betony, marsh blue violet, and marsh marigold.


Ground-cover Plants

Sunny Areas

Shady Areas

Moss   phlox, wineleaf cinquefoil**, stonecrop, bearberry** Bugleweed,   lily-of-the-valley, running pine**, Canada wild ginger**, purpleleaf   wintercreeper, plantain lily

** Wisconsin Native

Bank-Cover Plants

Sunny Areas

Shady Areas

Evergreen shrubs: creeping juniper**,

Japanese   garden juniper, Oldfield common juniper**, Pfitzer juniperEvergreen shrubs: spreading Japanese yewDeciduous shrubs: fragrant sumac**, Virginia rose**,   dwarf bush honeysuckle**Deciduous shrubs: Redosier dogwood**,

Indian   current coralberry, running serviceberry**

** Wisconsin native



      Most aquatic plants have not been intensively studied, so a lot of much-needed information is unavailable. However, stable, diverse aquatic plant communities remain a primary management goal for shoreline property owners. Following are plants that should be encouraged along the water’s edge:

Native Wisconsin Aquatics, Herbs, and Grasses

Shallow water to moist shore plants:   Arrowhead, giant bur reed, bulrushes, cattail, giant reed grass,   sweet flag
      Damp shore areas, west prairie grasses, and forbs: Prairie cordgrass, big bluestem, Culver’s root, swamp   milkweed, New England aster, shooting star, turk’s cap lily, cowbane, downy phlox

Also, spotted   joe-pye weed, marsh blue violet, golden alexander, northern bedstraw, bottle gentian, star grass

blue flag (wild iris), mountain mint,

black-eyed susan, meadow rue